LLC in Massachusetts

How to Start an LLC in Massachusetts

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If you’re looking to start a business in Massachusetts, forming a limited liability company (LLC) can be an excellent way to protect your personal assets and establish your business. However, starting an LLC requires careful consideration of several factors, including filing fees, necessary documents, and management structure. In this article, we’ll provide a step-by-step guide on how to open an LLC in Massachusetts and cover the essential things you need to consider before forming your business.

It’s important to consider factors such as your business plan, industry-specific requirements, and local business regulations when starting an LLC in Massachusetts. By taking the time to structure and form your LLC properly, you can lay the foundation for a successful and protected business venture.

Steps to Create an LLC in Massachusetts

In Massachusetts, the process of creating an LLC can be quite simple if you follow the right steps. In this guide, we’ll walk you through how to create an LLC in Massachusetts.

  1. Choose a name for your LLC: Your LLC name must be unique and not already in use by another business in Massachusetts.
  2. Choose a registered agent: A registered agent is a person or entity who will receive legal documents on behalf of your LLC.
  3. File Articles of Organization with the Secretary of the Commonwealth: You can file online or by mail.
  4. Draft an operating agreement: This is a legal document that outlines how your LLC will be run, including ownership structure, management, and decision-making processes.
  5. Obtain any necessary licenses and permits: Depending on the nature of your business, you may need additional licenses and permits.
  6. Obtain an EIN: An EIN, or Employer Identification Number, is a unique nine-digit number that identifies your LLC for tax purposes.

Forming an LLC in Massachusetts can be a straightforward process if you follow the steps outlined above. Be sure to consult with a legal or financial professional if you have any questions or concerns. Once your LLC is up and running, you can focus on growing your business with the peace of mind that your personal assets are protected.

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Costs to Open an LLC in Massachusetts

Starting an LLC in Massachusetts can be a great way to protect your personal assets while running a business. However, it’s important to understand the costs involved in forming an LLC.

  1. Name Reservation Fee: $30 (optional)
  2. Articles of Organization Filing Fee: $500
  3. Annual Report Filing Fee: $500 (due every year)
  4. Legal and accounting fees: Depending on the complexity of your LLC, you may need to hire a lawyer or accountant to help with the formation process.
  5. Registered Agent Fee: If you choose to use a registered agent service, there may be additional fees involved.
  6. Operating Agreement: While not required by the state, it’s highly recommended to draft an operating agreement to protect your LLC and its members.

Starting an LLC in Massachusetts involves some costs, including filing fees and potential legal and accounting fees. However, the benefits of forming an LLC, such as protecting your personal assets and limiting your liability, may far outweigh the initial costs. 

Three Things To Be Aware Of When Starting Your LLC

The video below covers the following three things you must know when setting up your LLC.

  1. Commingling Funds
  2. Registered Agent
  3. Piercing the Corporate Veil

If you are unfamiliar with these terms, please watch the video below.

Files needed to open an LLC in Massachusetts

Opening an LLC in Massachusetts requires the submission of certain documents to the appropriate state agencies.

  1. Name Reservation: Before filing your Articles of Organization, you can reserve your desired LLC name for a fee of $30. This is an optional step but recommended to ensure your desired name is available.
  2. Articles of Organization: This is the official document that creates your LLC and must be filed with the Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth. The following information must be included in the Articles of Organization:
    • LLC name and address
    • Registered agent information
    • Management structure (member-managed or manager-managed)
    • Duration of LLC (perpetual or specific)
    • Purpose of LLC (optional)
  3. Operating Agreement: Although not required by Massachusetts law, an operating agreement is a recommended document that outlines how your LLC will operate, including management structure, decision-making processes, and financial matters.
  4. Certificate of Good Standing: If you’re registering a foreign LLC in Massachusetts (an LLC that was formed in another state), you’ll need to provide a Certificate of Good Standing from your home state to demonstrate that your LLC is in good standing in that state.

By ensuring that you have all the necessary files prepared and submitted correctly, you can help ensure a smooth and successful formation of your LLC in Massachusetts.

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Check out a behind-the-scenes of what managing your LLC looks like in your dashboard in this Incfile review.

Things to consider when opening an LLC in Massachusetts

There are several important factors to consider before starting an LLC in Massachusetts:

  1. Business name: Choose a name for your LLC that’s unique and distinguishable from other business names registered in Massachusetts.
  2. Registered Agent: Select a registered agent who will receive legal documents on behalf of your LLC and be available during regular business hours.
  3. Management structure: Determine whether your LLC will be member-managed or manager-managed, and outline the management structure in your operating agreement.
  4. Taxes: LLCs in Massachusetts are subject to state taxes, including the corporate excise tax and the annual report fee. You should consult with a tax professional to determine the tax implications for your specific business.
  5. Licenses and permits: Depending on the nature of your business, you may need to obtain additional licenses and permits to operate in Massachusetts.
  6. Liability protection: One of the primary benefits of forming an LLC is to protect your personal assets from business liabilities. Be sure to fully understand the level of liability protection offered by an LLC and consider purchasing additional liability insurance if needed.
  7. Operating Agreement: While not required by Massachusetts law, an operating agreement is a recommended document that outlines how your LLC will operate and can help prevent disputes among members

By taking these considerations into account and consulting with legal and financial professionals as needed, you can help ensure a successful and legally compliant formation of your LLC in Massachusetts.


Forming an LLC in Massachusetts is a significant step towards establishing your business, but it requires careful planning and attention to detail. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can successfully form your LLC and protect your personal assets while operating your business. Remember to consult with legal and financial professionals as needed to ensure you’re taking all the necessary steps to form your LLC properly. Good luck on your entrepreneurial journey! 

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For more information on starting an LLC in Massachusetts, be sure to visit other resources on our website. Our articles on the various steps involved in forming an LLC, as well as information on the benefits of an LLC, can provide you with the information you need to make informed decisions about your business. 

Our guides on registering for taxes, obtaining an EIN, and creating an operating agreement can help you navigate the legal requirements of starting an LLC in Massachusetts. Whether you’re just starting out or looking to expand an existing business, forming an LLC in Massachusetts can be a great choice. For more information and support as you begin this process, visit our website and take advantage of our comprehensive resources.

Legal Disclaimer: This article contains general legal information, does not constitute professional legal advice for your situation, and should not be interpreted as creating an attorney-client relationship. If you have legal questions, you should seek the advice of an attorney licensed in your jurisdiction.

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